Dementia care in Delhi
Things You Should Know About Dementia
Dementia impacts the life of the patient in so many ways. Not only that, it also severely affects the life of the caregiver, someone who has to constantly guide and protect the patient. Dementia care in Delhi is proliferating. There are many agencies and organisations working towards treatment and care for patients suffering from dementia. Many NGOs are also focused on care for the elderly dealing with Alzheimer’s, Dementia and other age related diseases. The Integrated Institute of Psychological Health and Studies run the Mental Health and Awareness Initiative (MHAI).This program focusses on bringing attention to the psychological and mental problems faced by women, children and elderly people. The aim of the program is to offer treatment and care towards diseases affecting the mental and spiritual health of aged people and women.
What is Dementia?
Dementia is a condition marked by the deterioration of the brain’s ability to an extent where it is unable to carry out daily chores. It is not a specific disease, but a general term which includes multiple characteristic disabilities faced by the patient. These can also be called symptoms of dementia. Dementia care in Delhi became a serious concern once the symptoms became more clear.
Symptoms of Dementia
While there are many symptoms observed, some of these are seen more frequently. These are called the core symptoms of Dementia. All of these symptoms are linked by a degeneration of the neural pathway in the brain. Most symptoms start out within a narrow range of infliction. This could be a case of forgetting the keys, or forgetting someone’s name. Such incidents might appear trivial, but these should not be ignored. If you have seen a loved one go through this, you must take them to the neurologist. Dementia care in Delhi includes gauging the degree of each symptom and diagnosing accordingly. A neurologist specializes in the treatment for brain and spinal cord related diseases.
A loss of memory is one of the most common symptoms which indicate dementia. This is a progressive symptom, that is, it may start off as forgetting a few items on the list, or forgetting an important date. Memory loss can get as worse as forgetting one’s own personal details such as name, address etc. Dementia care in Delhi is important as memory loss is becoming more prominent among the citizens. A person with a severe case of memory loss is entirely dependent on their care-taker.
Communication and Language
Speech may also get impaired. The person may get repetitive with his or her speech. Persons with dementia have a tendency to repeat words and specific phrases. Starting and sustaining a conversation with a person affected by dementia can be long and time consuming. Dementia is cared for in Delhi. Persons with dementia have been observed to forget the meanings of words they use in common dialogue.
Ability to Focus and Pay Attention
Another common symptom seen in persons with dementia is that they are unable to follow storylines. They may grapple follow conversations between people or on television. In general the concentration span gets short. It gets hard to focus on any one object or activity. The attention space gets shorter progressively. Persons afflicted may also lose a sense of direction. Dementia care in Delhi involves putting the patient through drills where they are made to recognize paths. They fail to recognize common landmarks and find it hard to understand a route despite being told multiple times.
Other Behavioral Changes
The patient may feel a sense of confusion as daily life might seem harder. Confusion arises when the person is unable to recall a name, remember a face, forgets the car keys, and misplaces them. Or if the person finds a complex board game too overwhelming. Dementia care in Delhi is important to make the patient feel comfortable with his condition. The person may also forget their daily routine. A general sense of apathy is also observed in some patients. As the illness takes over, the person loses interest in going out. He doesn’t like to interact with friends and family and prefers to remain in isolation. Forgetting basic actions can instill fear in some patients. Being unable to remember directions or the objective behind traveling to common places such as the super market can is a frightening situation. Because of this, most patients with dementia like to stick to routines. They are apprehensive of trying new things and strictly stick to their schedules.
Causes of Dementia
Dementia is a result of damage to brain cells, the neurons. A neuron is the unit of the brain. Neurons are interconnected and establish a communication pathway that runs through the entire body. Communication takes place through electrical signals that run through neurons. When neurons are unable to communicate with each other, dementia sets in. Lack of proper communication leads to impairment in daily actions.
Types of Dementia
There are several types of Dementia
Vascular dementia is a condition where the blood flow to the brain is blocked due to formation of clots. The symptoms may vary depending on which parts of the brain are affected. Several types of Dementia have been reported in Delhi. This is more common in people who have a history of high blood pressure. Symptoms include memory loss, lack of concentration or forgetting actions midway. In Dementia with lewy bodies, the nerve cells get deposited with ‘lewy bodies’. These are also observed in Parkinson ’s disease and Alzheimer’s. Common symptoms are changes in movement, hallucinations, memory loss etc. A condition where Alzheimer’s disease and Vascular Dementia occur together is called Mixed Dementia.
Can Dementia be prevented?
It cannot be said that dementia can be prevented in all cases. Old age leads to a slowing down of mental functions and a milder form of dementia is inevitable if the person’s life span is considerably long. However, the risk of dementia can definitely be reduced, dementia can be delayed. For this to happen, the person must lead a healthy lifestyle. While dementia care in Delhi is well developed, one must never succumb to an illness.
A Healthy Lifestyle
A lifestyle that keeps the mind and body active is key to prevent brain-related ailments. Proper daily exercise keeps the brain in a healthy state due to the secretions of neurotransmitter dopamine. A balanced diet which consists of green leafy vegetable, fruits etc. provides the essential nutrients for proper functioning of the brain. Part of dementia care in Delhi is to develop a healthy lifestyle for the patient. A healthy social life is good to keep the person in a positive state which further keeps the mind in a good condition and prevents illness.
Dementia and the Society
Dementia care in Delhi has progressed over the years. However, there is still social stigma attached with the people affected by dementia. An anonymous member on quora writes about how dementia affected his daily life (https://www.quora.com/What-is-it-like-to-suffer-from-dementia) .People with dementia deserve to be accepted and cared by the society.