Best Mental Retardation Treatment in India
First to start with we need to understand what mental retardation is?
Mental retardation or in medical terms known as intellectual disability is taken to be a developmental problem which starts reflecting in a kid in between the age of 0 to 18 years.
As per the World Health Organization (WHO) mental retardation is defined as the condition of incomplete development of the mind, which is characterized by impairment of mental skills ultimately contributing to the reduction in the overall intelligence of the kid. Individuals who have mental retardation generally shows sub average functioning. They face difficulties in certain areas such as self-care, communication, social skills, self-direction, health and safety, academics, leisure and work. In India there are several hospitals who, have been designated to treat such patients and provide the best mental retardation treatment in India.
Medically described there are four levels of mental retardation which include mild, moderate, severe and profound. As per the classification given by international doctors mental retardation can be graded as follows depending on its severity:
Mild Mental Retardation:
People with an IQ range between 50 to 69 can be categorized under this category. Such people takes longer to learn to talk, but are able to communicate well once he or she learns how to do so. They can take care of themselves completely, but faces problems in reading and writing. They are basically socially immature and unable to deal with responsibilities such as marriage and parenting. They could probably be benefited by specialized education plans. Such patients could find best Mental Retardation Treatment in India.
Moderate Mental Retardation:
For such people the IQ range is between 35 to 49. They have a slower understanding for using any language and possess a limited ability to communicate. Though they possess reading, writing and counting skills but they are restricted to very basic. They are very slow learners and are unable to live independently. They can go around on their own and can try to take part in simple social activities. Such patients could find best Mental Retardation Treatment in India.
Severe Mental Retardation:
For patients suffering from severe mental retardation the IQ level ranges between of 20 to 34. There is a noticeable motor impairment in such people. This could be caused by the severe damage to and/ or abnormal development of central nervous system. These people show signs of severe retardation but could find the best Mental Retardation Treatment in India.
Profound Mental Retardation:
For the patients whose IQ level is below 20 they are categorized under Profound Mental Retardation. They are unable to understand or comply to any type of commands or requests. They do not follow any instructions and are completely immobile. They make use of very basic nonverbal communication and cannot take care of their own needs. Thus they require constant help and supervision. Though the treatment of such patients is difficult but they could find the best Mental Retardation Treatment in India.
What causes mental retardation/ Intellectual disability?
Mental retardation can be caused due to any condition that restricts the development of the brain before birth, after birth or in the early childhood years. There are several cases which have been discovered but as per the statistics in around of the people affected the cause for this mental retardation remains unknown. Thus the best mental retardation Treatment in India also remains unknown. Following are some of the probable reasons leading to mental retardation:
- Infections (at the time of birth or during the birth)
- Genetic abnormalities such as X syndrome, Down syndrome, and PKU [phenylketonuria]
- Metabolic (such as very high bilirubin, hyperbilirubinemia)
- Toxic (intrauterine exposure to alcohol, cocaine, amphetamines, and other drugs during pregnancy)
- Nutritional lack or malnutrition during pregnancy
- Trauma (before or during the birth including oxygen loss at the time of birth, early childhood sickness such as whooping cough, measles or meningitis)
- Several environmental factors such as lead or mercury poisoning
- Unexplained (this is the largest category for unexplained occurrences of intellectual disability)
Symptoms associated with mental retardation?
There are several developmental aspects affected by mental retardation which could be treated under best mental retardation Treatment in India includes:
- Poor attention and concentration
- Problems related to memorizing things
- Language disability
- Gross and fine motor coordination skills
- Logical thinking and problem-solving abilities
- Social and self-care skills
- Ability to control emotion and behavior
The child suffering from mental retardation has significantly lower abilities in the above aspects. Thus we need to understand the probably the best mental retardation Treatment in India
What are the options available for the best Mental Retardation Treatment in India?
A very important step in the diagnosis of mental retardation is to obtain the entire background of the patient and his family history. The basis intelligence of the patient is assessed on the basis of IQ. The most frequently used test for the children and the adults is the Wechsler IQ tests.
As per the World Health Organization (WHO) analysis the person with a lower IQ level than 70 is treated to be mentally retarded. The available best mental retardation treatments in India are subject to the patients’ health and overall level of impairment.
The main goal of the best mental retardation treatments in India is to develop the potential of the patient to bring up the best of his/ her ability and to bring him back in the realm of society.
The best mental retardation treatment in India of individuals with mental retardation is based on the needs of the patient.
Education for the Child: Educational for the kids under the best mental retardation treatment in India should include a comprehensive program that imparts training in social skills, adaptive skills and vocation.
Behavior therapy: Behavior therapy under the best mental retardation in India can be used to enhance the social behavior and reduce the aggressive and destructive behavior.
Cognitive therapy: Cognitive therapy under the best mental retardation in India such as dispelling false beliefs and relaxation exercises with self-instruction also proves to be beneficiary.
Psychodynamic therapy: Psychodynamic therapy under the best mental retardation treatment in India is to teach the patients families to reduce the conflicts in terms of expectations from the patients leading to anxiety, rage and depression.
Family Education: The most important areas that a clinician needs to address the problem with the help of the best mental retardation treatment in India are educating the family of the aggrieved individual. Parents of children suffering from mental retardation would get benefit from continuous counseling or family therapy.
Medical Management: Medical management under the best mental retardation treatment in India for behavioral and psychological symptoms in mentally retarded patients is much the same as for those patients who are normal.
Thus if you are looking for the best mental retardation treatment in India you can visit http://iiprs.com/about.php and get your queries resolved.